Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid, Spain.
The term zarzuela usually refers to the Spanish lyrical drama that goes between poetically spoken dialogue and sung scenes.
It is a type of operetta (light opera) that was developed around 1657 at the Palacio de la Zarzuela in Spain by Juan Hidalgo de Polanco with libretto by Pedro Calderon de la Barca with their work “El Laurel de Apolo” (The Laurels of Apollo). Both opera (1597) and Zarzuela were created in the baroque music period (1580-1700) and use Greek and Roman mythology in their early storylines.
Considered the “Father of the Zarzuela” and early opera in Spain, Hidalgo de Polanco was born in Madrid where in 1630 he became a harpist at the Spanish Royal Chapel of King Philip IV of Spain. Around 1645 he became the Spanish court’s chief composer of both secular and religious music, including music for the theater.
Hidalgo de Polanco wrote music for several types of projects, including religious plays (autos sacramentales), songs for comedic plays with songs (comedias), and for the operas “La Purpura de la Rosa” (1659) and “Celos Qun del Aire Matan” (1660).
In the genre of zarzuela he composed “Ni Amor se Libra de Amor” (1662), “La Estatua de Prometeo” (1670) and “Endimion y Diana,” amongst several others.
From May 14-18th the Teatro de la Zarzuela located in Madrid, Spain will present the program “De lo humano.. y divino” (From the human..and divine) which will feature works by this 17th century composer as well as a program on his birth date on September 28th of this year.